As there is no puddling, transplanting and hand hoeing,we save 50% water, 40% cost of production & not requiring transplanting saves 50% treacherous labour.
SRT has ability to bring “Vigorous Uniformity” and higher yields in all soil types even in degraded soils and socio-economic groups. For example a very new farmer and well established awarded farmer and agricultural universities will attain about the same higher yield per unit area.
Hand hoeing is strictly avoided in SRT. Once again this reduces hard-work and loosening of top soil making it vulnerable for washing away.
During milling of paddy, SRT will yield higher percentage recovery of grains.
SRT insists keeping of roots of previous crop in the raised bed. The capillaries formed by dead dry roots and earthworm pathways facilitate quick draining of rainwater resulting in effective recharging of Aquifers.
Loss of valuable silt (about 20%) during puddling can be prevented thus more fertile land can be handed over to next generation.
A good number of earthworms are noticed on SRT beds during high rainfall days attracting unusual birds to SRT plots. This magic is due to suppressing all green growth with glayphoset , which decays and becomes instant food for the worms. Also ‘No-Till’ prevents destruction of E’worms life. Thus SRT proves to be Eco-friendly Farming. This is big positive gain.
The root network prevents soil from cracking and makes it more spongy. The same roots become valuable source of organic carbon which is uniformly distributed and oxygen pathways to root zone of next crop.
Leaves of rice plants on SRT beds seem to be more broader and head more upwards to sunlight than their counterparts in conventional method. They are likely to produce more biomass, means higher yield.
Rice crop gets ready 8–10 days earlier. Also it saves time required for soil tilling
between two crops. This leaves valuable 10–15 days of crop season for the farmer enabling him to take more than one crop in the same plot in a year.
The traumatic shock caused to the rice seedlings during transplanting is avoided
in SRT. This reduces possibility of pest & disease problem.
Avoiding of puddling will drastically reduce diesel consumption, emission of CO2 over thousands of acres of paddy cultivation. Also SRT being aerobic method it will prevent methane generation. Both CO2 and methane are responsible for global
Today’s recommend dose of fertilizer can be brought down which reduces water pollution.
This could be the best solution in natural calamities such as hail storm, floods,
cyclones, untimely rain-storms, etc. because the crop cycle is shortest (NO TILL) and
it involves multiple choices of short-term rotation crops such as pulses, vegetables,
onion, sun-flower, groundnuts, and so on.
Non-use of heavy agricultural machinery for tilling in field will prevent compaction & formation of hard pan of lower strata of soil enabling better percolation of water into dipper soil & results in increased ground water.